Field of study: Socio-economic demography
Guarantor: doc. Ing. Jitka Langhamrová, CSc.
Demographic changes in Europe and significant changes in the demographic behaviour of the Czech population and their economic consequences are so serious that they are receiving increasing attention in all areas of society, including the level of the national economy. To enable society to prepare for the impact that these changes will bring about, it is necessary not only to analyse the demographics, but also to create a vision of the future course. The reason why it is necessary to pay special attention to this issue is the fact that changes in demographic behaviour of this nature have never been known in history.
Demography views the individual from a different perspective than economy. Economy views him as producer and consumer, it is interested in human resources it has at its disposal which it has to saturate. Human resources or human capital are currently regarded as the most valuable assets of each state. People are a store of future manpower, taxpayers, for manufacturers potential consumers. Investment in reproduction of human resources pays off handsomely for every state as all other possibilities of the development of society are derived from them. Reproduction of human resources is currently becoming the most important factor that affects and will affect the development of the national economy. However, we can hardly asses reproduction of human resources without a demographic perspective. An economic and demographic perspective of the issue of ageing of the population in conjunction with a social perspective is what matters at present. We will need a sufficient number of experts with economic education who have sufficiently wide knowledge of demography, statistics, informatics, social and economic policy.
Graduates in socio-economic demography will receive a sufficiently solid grounding in economics and a very good grounding in statistical and demographic methods. They will be able to formulate and defend reasoned arguments for decision-making and strategic planning of society, specifically for deciding where it will be necessary to understand the relationship between demographic and economic development and human capital development, at both national and regional levels. They will be able to collect, process, and interpret statistical data on socio-demographic and economic phenomena and processes and their implications, and will be able to explain the problems of an ageing society on an expert forum and to the general public, and will be ready to extend their expertise to further study or self-study.
Graduates will be trained interdisciplinary professionals who will be able to adequately respond to the growing proportion of elderly people in society and the consequences that the ageing population brings. They will find work in central economic institutions, in public administration, education, health and social services, but also in the commercial sector, such as banks, insurance companies, investment funds, and many other professions.
Graduates can extend their knowledge according to their interest in follow-up master’s courses, especially in the Faculty of Informatics and Statistics in the field of Statistics and Insurance Engineering, or on the National Economy faculty in one of the fields of the master’s programme Economics and Economic Administration, or continue their studies in demography in the Faculty of Life Sciences of Charles University.